Acne is a common skin condition that affects both teenagers and adults. However, adolescents are more likely to develop acne due to hormonal changes in their bodies. Luckily, with the help of a dermatologist, adolescent acne can be effectively treated.
What Causes Adolescent Acne?
Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Hormonal changes during adolescence cause an increase in the production of oil in the skin, which can lead to clogged follicles and the formation of pimples and blackheads.
What Are the Common Treatments for Adolescent Acne?
There are many over-the-counter treatments for acne, such as cleansers, scrubs, and creams. However, these treatments may only offer temporary relief and can even make the condition worse if used incorrectly. That’s where a dermatologist can help.
Dermatologists can prescribe medications to treat adolescent acne, such as topical retinoids, antibiotics, and oral contraceptives. These medications can help to unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and balance hormones. However, they may have side effects and should only be used under the guidance of a dermatologist.
Chemical peels are another option for treating adolescent acne. This treatment involves applying a solution to the skin to exfoliate dead skin cells and unclog pores. Chemical peels can also improve the appearance of acne scars.
Laser therapy is a non-invasive treatment that uses light to kill the bacteria that cause acne. This treatment can also reduce inflammation and improve the appearance of acne scars. However, it may require multiple sessions to see significant results.
What Can Teenagers Do to Prevent Acne?
While it may not be possible to prevent adolescent acne entirely, there are steps teenagers can take to reduce the likelihood of developing it. These include:
- Washing the face twice a day with a gentle cleanser
- Avoiding touching the face
- Avoiding picking at pimples
- Wearing non-comedogenic makeup and sunscreen
- Eating a healthy diet
- Getting enough sleep
Adolescent acne can be frustrating and embarrassing, but with the help of a dermatologist, it can be effectively treated. Prescription medications, chemical peels, and laser therapy are all options for treating acne. Teenagers can also take steps to prevent acne by practicing good skincare habits and living a healthy lifestyle.